With the Business Plan, drawn up in accordance with the railway infrastructure development strategy defined by the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport, Rete Ferroviaria Italiana fulfils its obligations under Article 15 paragraphs 5 and 6 of Legislative Decree No. 112 of 15 July 2015 - Implementation of Directive 2012/34/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 November 2012 establishing a single European railway area (Recast).

In accordance with Article 8(1) of the Directive, Member States shall in fact develop their national railway infrastructure through the "indicative infrastructure development strategy" in order to meet future mobility needs in terms of maintenance, renewal and development of the infrastructure on the basis of sustainable financing of the railway system. As part of this strategy, covering a period of at least 5 years, the government, through the Programme Contract, provides the Infrastructure Manager with sufficient funding according to the tasks of the Network Manager, who draws up the Business Plan.

On 01 March 2021, the February 2021 edition of the Business Plan was published for adoption.

On 5 August 2021, the special NRRP edition of the Business Plan - August 2021 was published.

What is the Business Plan and what is its purpose?

Guided by the rail infrastructure development strategy defined by the government, the Plan sets out the measures planned for developing the network and the objectives associated with them, with the aim of ensuring optimal and efficient use, provision and development of the infrastructure.

The actions and measures indicated in the document have at least one functional execution phase financed as part of the 2018/19 update of the 2017-2021 Programme Contract - investment part and are due to be implemented primarily between 2020 and 2024.

Who is it aimed at?

It is aimed at railway transport companies, local authorities and all interested parties, who are therefore able to plan their business better in terms of transport services, being aware of the developments in infrastructure in the near future.

In line with the provisions of RFI's 2020 - 2024 Business Plan, its publication makes all the information on railway infrastructure and its development available and more easily accessible.

How is it structured?

In order to show the development of the network from a customer perspective, the Business Plan describe the actions that RFI is putting in place according to the three business lines: Local Public Transport, Long Distance and Freight The range of non-Minimum Access Package services is also shown.

► Local Public Transport With over 16,000 km of network and 2,000 access points serving passengers, 204 million train kilometres of Local Public Transport were operated in 2019. This annual production, equal to about 55% of the volumes circulating on the network managed by RFI, is the most important traffic segment. With the aim of improving quality standards to revitalise the sector, RFI's main actions to develop LPT business involve:

- enhancing integration between rail and road,

- increasing node capacity,

- reducing major interference between flows,

- speeding up suburban routes,

- developing interchange points in the urban area, and

- improving the accessibility of in-station services, both for Railway Undertakings and for passengers.

► Long Distance. In the current timetable, there are more than 390 trains as part of the High Speed service. In addition, there are around 90 trains a day on the Basic National and International service and over 140 trains a day on the Universal service, making a total of over 600 trains a day. RFI is committed to increasing the network’s performance of the network to make the transport system more competitive by:

- upgrading the performance and development of the HS/HC network

- speeding up HS line sections

- upgrading the main long-distance traffic routes

- eliminating interference and traffic conflicts

- upgrading the entire national network to ERTMS.

► Freight. The freight network has around 175 freight stations, to which more than 340 terminal facilities are connected, including private sidings, ports and freight villages. In recent years, one of the main challenges for the European Union and its member states has been the modal rebalancing of passenger and freight transport in favour of more sustainable transport systems. To improve interconnections between national networks, the European Commission has identified the Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T), a set of linear (rail, road and river) and punctual (urban nodes, ports, freight villages and airports) infrastructure considered "relevant" at EU level. By 2030, RFI will adapt the more than 5,000 km of the TEN-T Core Network to the quality standards required by the EU. In this context, to generate/attract new traffic by placing our peninsula at the centre of freight transport flows from the Far East to Central Europe, the freight transport development plan is based on three fundamental pillars:

- Improved performance of the network

- Development of the main port and land logistics terminals

- Widespread development of links with industrial districts

► Non-Minimum Access Package Services. This section shows the Operator's offer for non-Minimum Access Package services.

On 01 March 2021, RFI published the February 2021 edition of the Business Plan to be adopted.


On 19 April 2021, a typo was corrected in the chart on page 624, in which the value of annual freight trains*km produced in 2019 was erroneously represented at 51 million, instead of 49 million.

The National Railway Infrastructure Manager was called upon to play a fundamental role in the definition and implementation of the National Recovery and Resilience Plan with reference, in particular, to the investments envisaged in Mission 3 "Infrastructure for sustainable mobility" of which 80% is intended for the development and enhancement of the national railway network. This is consistent with the role attributed to rail transport within the framework of the objectives defined by the 'Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy' (SSMS) proposed by the EC in 2020 to contribute to the 90% reduction of CO2 emissions by 2050, and to complete the single European transport area outlined with the 2011 White Paper also in order to promote cohesion, reduce regional disparities, improve connectivity and access to the internal market for all regions.

Having concluded the approval phase of the National Recovery and Resilience Plan, both at EU and national level, the manager has decided to publish an integration of the Business Plan - February 2021 edition, which remains in force until the next update.

The main objective of this extraordinary edition is to inform all Stakeholders of the main investments that RFI, thanks to the resources allocated under the PNRR, will put in place in the next 2022-2026 five-year period. The subject of the document is, therefore, the interventions financed at least for a functional phase that will produce appreciable business benefits for railway companies and for final customers. To complete the framework of the planned investments, the new projects financed in the 2020/2021 update of the CdP-I are also described.

How is it structured?

The document is organised in line with the outline of the National Recovery and Resilience Plan, which envisages eight investment areas for Mission 3:

  • Investment 1.1: High-speed rail links to the south for passengers and freight;
  • Investment 1.2: High Speed Lines in the North that connect to Europe;
  • Investment 1.3: Diagonal links;
  • Investment 1.4: Strengthening of the European Rail Transport Management System (ERTMS);
  • Investment 1.5: Strengthening of metropolitan railway nodes and key national links;
  • Investment 1.6: Strengthening of regional lines;
  • Investment 1.7: Upgrade, electrification and increase the resilience of railways in the south;
  • Investment 1.8: Improvement of railway stations in the south.

As a final chapter, the projects financed in the 2020/2021 update of the Program Agreement - Investments have been added, in order to provide a more complete picture of the future national infrastructure.

In the second part of the document, the projects have been grouped by region, thus giving the possibility to quickly view the interventions falling within the same territory. 

On August 13, 2021, a revision of the document was published to correct two typos reported on pages 58, 222, 80 and 216. On November 30, 2021, a revision of the document was published to bring its organisation into line with the NRRP and the 2020-2021 Programme Contract Investment section.