With the Business Plan, drawn up in accordance with the railway infrastructure development strategy defined by the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport, Rete Ferroviaria Italiana fulfils its obligations under Article 15 paragraphs 5 and 6 of Legislative Decree No. 112 of 15 July 2015 - Implementation of Directive 2012/34/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 November 2012 establishing a single European railway area (Recast).

In accordance with Article 8(1) of the Directive, Member States shall in fact develop their national railway infrastructure through the "indicative infrastructure development strategy" in order to meet future mobility needs in terms of maintenance, renewal and development of the infrastructure on the basis of sustainable financing of the railway system. As part of this strategy, covering a period of at least 5 years, the government, through the Programme Contract, provides the Infrastructure Manager with sufficient funding according to the tasks of the Network Manager, who draws up the Business Plan.

What is the Business Plan and what is its purpose?

Guided by the rail infrastructure development strategy defined by the government, the Plan sets out the measures planned for developing the network and the objectives associated with them, with the aim of ensuring optimal and efficient use, provision and development of the infrastructure.

The actions and measures indicated in the document have at least one functional execution phase financed as part of the 2018/19 update of the 2017-2021 Programme Contract - investment part and are due to be implemented primarily between 2020 and 2024.

Who is it aimed at?

It is aimed at railway transport companies, local authorities and all interested parties, who are therefore able to plan their business better in terms of transport services, being aware of the developments in infrastructure in the near future.

In line with the provisions of RFI's 2020 - 2024 Business Plan, its publication makes all the information on railway infrastructure and its development available and more easily accessible.

How is it structured?

In order to show the development of the network from a customer perspective, the Business Plan describe the actions that RFI is putting in place according to the three business lines: Local Public Transport, Long Distance and Freight The range of non-Minimum Access Package services is also shown.

► Local Public Transport With over 16,000 km of network and 2,000 access points serving passengers, 204 million train kilometres of Local Public Transport were operated in 2019. This annual production, equal to about 55% of the volumes circulating on the network managed by RFI, is the most important traffic segment. With the aim of improving quality standards to revitalise the sector, RFI's main actions to develop LPT business involve:

- enhancing integration between rail and road,

- increasing node capacity,

- reducing major interference between flows,

- speeding up suburban routes,

- developing interchange points in the urban area, and

- improving the accessibility of in-station services, both for Railway Undertakings and for passengers.

► Long Distance. In the current timetable, there are more than 390 trains as part of the High Speed service. In addition, there are around 90 trains a day on the Basic National and International service and over 140 trains a day on the Universal service, making a total of over 600 trains a day. RFI is committed to increasing the network’s performance of the network to make the transport system more competitive by:

- upgrading the performance and development of the HS/HC network

- speeding up HS line sections

- upgrading the main long-distance traffic routes

- eliminating interference and traffic conflicts

- upgrading the entire national network to ERTMS.

► Freight. The freight network has around 175 freight stations, to which more than 340 terminal facilities are connected, including private sidings, ports and freight villages. In recent years, one of the main challenges for the European Union and its member states has been the modal rebalancing of passenger and freight transport in favour of more sustainable transport systems. To improve interconnections between national networks, the European Commission has identified the Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T), a set of linear (rail, road and river) and punctual (urban nodes, ports, freight villages and airports) infrastructure considered "relevant" at EU level. By 2030, RFI will adapt the more than 5,000 km of the TEN-T Core Network to the quality standards required by the EU. In this context, to generate/attract new traffic by placing our peninsula at the centre of freight transport flows from the Far East to Central Europe, the freight transport development plan is based on three fundamental pillars:

- Improved performance of the network

- Development of the main port and land logistics terminals

- Widespread development of links with industrial districts

► Non-Minimum Access Package Services. This section shows the Operator's offer for non-Minimum Access Package services.

On 01 March 2021, RFI published the February 2021 edition of the Business Plan to be adopted.


On 19 April 2021, a typo was corrected in the chart on page 624, in which the value of annual freight trains*km produced in 2019 was erroneously represented at 51 million, instead of 49 million.