Since our incorporation in 2001 – as a result of the Concession Act signed in 2000 between the Ministry of Transport and Ferrovie dello Stato – we have been the Single Operator of the national railway infrastructure. Subsequently, we are required to implement the plans defined with the government regarding investments for development of the infrastructure and network maintenance activities. The Programme Contract ultimately governs the economic and financial aspects of the concession relationship between us and the government.
With a minimum duration of 5 years and the possibility to update and renew even on an annual basis, the Programme Contract incorporates the planning outlined in accordance with the national and EU guidelines along with the constraints relating to the development and management of the railway infrastructure and economic-financial planning, as well as with RFI’s industrial requirements and the needs and expectations of the RUs and other stakeholders. Updates to the planning are based on studies, analyses, evaluations and projections that take into account the progress in the implementation and design of the planned interventions as well as changes to the context of reference – strategic, legislative, transport, economic and financial – whilst maintaining the safety standards for railway traffic.
The government and RFI, established in July 2001, then signed the 2001-2005 Programme Contract, whose validity was extended to 2006 by the Inter-ministerial Committee for Economic Planning Resolution 159/2005 and, in October 2007, the 2007–2011 Programme Contract which, with the 2009 update, incorporated the new aspect introduced by the 2010 Financial Law (Law 191/2009, Article 2) relating to works of high technical complexity and significant financial commitment, to be financed in “tranches” so as to allow the start-up of construction in “construction batches”, including those deemed “non-functional”.
From 2013, pursuant to CIPE Resolution no. 4/2012, the Company’s dealings with the government have no longer been administrated by a single contract but by two documents: the Investment Programme Contract and the Services Programme Contract.
For the first time, the 2021 approval process shall be completed in accordance with the procedures set out in the reform introduced by Decree Law 52/2021 and envisaged by the PNRR (Italy’s National Recovery and Resilience Plan), which significantly accelerated the approval process for the Programme Contracts and defined the Strategic Rail Mobility Document, as the reference for passenger and freight travelling by train.
The Programme Contract - Investment Section
The Programme Contract - Services Section
The Programme Contract – Investment Section (PC-I) is aimed at regulating the sustainable planning of infrastructure investments relating to safety and compliance with legal requirements, traffic technology and efficiency, measures to increase the performance of existing lines, as well as measures for the construction of new railway works to modernise and develop the network.
The new 2022-2026 Programme Contract – Investment Section, which followed the new procedure set forth in Decree Law 152/2021, was approved by the CIPESS in its meeting of 2 August 2022 with Resolution no. 25 published in the Official Gazette on 9 November 2022, concluding the authorisation process with the signing between MIT and RFI on 19 and 20 December 2022, respectively.
With this act, new resources amounting to approximately 13 billion euro are contracted, set to contribute to the improvement of the performance and accessibility of the rail service through:
These aspects are then articulated as follows:
The Programme Contract – Services Section (PC-S) regulates the financing of ordinary and extraordinary maintenance activities of the network, aimed at guaranteeing the usability of the network under conditions of safety and reliability, as well as the financing of other management costs pertaining to railway operations (traffic, safety, security, railway navigation) and of assistance services for passengers with reduced mobility.
The main objective of the PC-S remains the regulation of the financing of maintenance activities on the national railway network for work of the following types:
In line with the new procedure set forth under Law Decree 152/2021, the Programme Contract 2022-2026 – Services Section was approved by the CIPESS in its meeting of 2 August 2022 with Resolution no. 24 published in the Official Gazette on 9 November 2022, concluding the authorisation process with the signing between MIT and RFI on 19 and 20 December 2022, respectively.
The new agreement outlines the plan of activities in the medium term and foresees the resources allocated by the 2022 Budget Law to be finalised regarding investments for extraordinary maintenance, amounting to 5.1 billion euro, along with the resources for operations and routine maintenance totalling approximately 1 billion euro per year for the 2022–2024 three-year period.
The contract also envisages a number of innovations, including the strengthening of the network maintenance level, with the an expansion of the scope of maintenance activities following the inclusion of certain intervention programmes of a recurring nature related to the activities of the Programme Contract – Services Section, previously included in the Programme Contract – Investments Section, and the criteria for assessing the environmental, economic and social sustainability of the interventions, together with the necessary safety and resilience standards of the national railway infrastructure.