Routing: Stockholm/Oslo/Trelleborg-Malmö-Copenhagen-Hamburg-Innsbruck- Verona-La Spezia /Livorno Ancona /Taranto /Augusta / Palermo

Members: BaneNOR (Norway); Trafikverket (Sweden); Øresundsbro Konsortiet (Sweden-Denmark); Banedanmark (Denmark); DB Netz (Germany); ÖBB Infrastruktur (Austria); RFI (Italy)

Legal Form: International Association under Austrian law

Registered office: Vienna (Austria)

One Stop Shop: Frankfurt (Germany)

Does not have a permanent office

Website: https://www.scanmedfreight.eu/

The countries through which the Corridor passes are Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Austria and Italy. The ScanMed RFC countries have a total surface area of approximately 1.6 million km2, i.e. approximately 40% of the total EU27 surface area.

The overall length of the corridor is 7.527 km. Considering Europe (EU27 as at 01-Jan-2021) has a population of 447 million and a GDP in 2020 of approximately 13,400 billion euros (source: Eurostat), ScanMed countries account for 15% of the population of EU27 and 17% of those employed in the same area, producing 48% of the European Gross Domestic Product. 

Based on the location of the trade relations between the countries crossed, the Scandinavian-Mediterranean Freight Corridor can be subdivided into two macro-sections: the northern one, connecting the Scandinavian countries with Germany and the main markets of Central Europe, and the southern one connecting Italy with Germany via the Brenner Pass.

According to ScanMed RFC data (2015 market study and ScanMed and CNC 2018 Work Plan), the total volumes of freight transported along the corridor amounts to approximately 70 million tons, with estimated growth of 25% over 10 years. Italy accounts for 23% and is second place only after Germany (48%) and followed by Austria (18%).

 

 

The Scandinavian-Mediterranean Corridor is an extremely important infrastructure supporting trade relations between Asia/North Africa and Central Europe. In fact, its Mediterranean coverage includes 9 of the 14 Italian ports belonging to the Core European TEN-T network, which have great potential for capturing trade flows coming from the Suez Strait for subsequently relaunch via rail towards continental Europe.

The diagram alongside shows a summary of the main freight traffic flows onto the Corridor (from ScanMed Market Study 2015 data) and the number of corridor trains, between the main places of departure and destination (in both directions - GGII 2013 data).

 

In terms of the corridor’s importance for the Italian market, Brenner is the first Italian pass in terms of volumes transported: in 2019, about 53.7 million tonnes of goods crossed the border with a rail modal share of about 26%.

The volumes of freight transported across the Brenner pass along the Scandinavian-Mediterranean Corridor are as follows (Alpinfo 2018-2019):

 

2018

2019

Brenner Pass Total Freight Volume - Thousands of Tons

52,874.60

53,700.80

Brenner Pass Rail Freight Volume - Thousands of Tons

14,048.10

13,781.90

Brenner Pass modal share - Percentage

26.6%

25.7%

Brenner is the Italian pass with the most traffic also in terms of rail volumes and wide margins for growth, also in light of the increasingly pressing need for eliminating road congestion and reducing environmental externalities produced by the transit of heavy vehicles.

The constant attention given to the market requires more extensive involvement of end logistics chain clients. For the Scandinavian-Mediterranean Freight Corridor, this includes simplifying access to the network and the services offered to transport companies and carriers, to make using rail more and more easy and convenient. In this respect, the Terminal Integrated Capacity Offer (TICO) is an important product, which from a pilot product became an integral part of the Corridor’s business offer, involving a growing number of Terminals. The integrated commercial offer is currently being refined in view of the feedback from Railway Undertakings.

2020 saw the completion of the second stage of the preliminary “Longer and Heavy Trains” study, aimed at estimating, for different periods of time, the supply of capacity to be allocated to longer and heavier trains, taking into account changes in the market and the infrastructure investments currently planned.

A new market study on transport modal costs was completed in 2020 and provided an analysis of the costs of rail and intermodal transport along specific traffic routes in order to identify key learnings to further develop the business offer and improve market knowledge to facilitate the acquisition of new customers.

The Scandinavian-Mediterranean Corridor was the first European Freight Corridor to apply International Contingency Management (ICM), an international emergency management process shared between all European infrastructure managers, to a real case. The procedure has been applied to a real case for managing rail traffic interruption which took place on the Italian network along the Brenner adduction line in December 2020. In this case, the ScanMed Corridor organised the ICM meetings where the Infrastructure Managers and the Corridors involved (RFI, OBB-I, DB Netz, SBB-I, Baltic Adriatic Freight Corridor and Alpine Rhine Freight Corridor) worked together to jointly identify the best options for re-routing the traffic affected by the disruption and to agree on a harmonised communication strategy with railway undertakings.

In order to improve the competitiveness and attractiveness of international freight transport on the Munich-Verona line, a Task Force coordinated by RFI, OBB-I and DB Netz was set up at the beginning of 2020 under the aegis of ScanMed, with the aim of improving traffic management and optimising capacity management.

The Task Force initiated and completed the assessment of the European agreements (bilateral and trilateral) currently in force between the three managers in terms of scheduling and traffic management and identified actions to rapidly update and extend them which were tested during the pilot project in 2021. In parallel with the pilot phase, the Task Force required the involvement of the Railway Undertakings to subsequently identify and implement actions under their direct responsibility.

The Munich-Verona line is a key link in the ScanMed Corridor of which the future Brenner Tunnel will be a strategic infrastructure of utmost importance for the efficiency of international freight transport. Based on the positive results achieved in the pilot project, the Brenner Axis Task Force is developing actions across the southern section of the corridor which, beginning with the definition of a new optimised short term planning procedure and the definition of a new communication flow between the control rooms, have led to a structured system of periodic performance monitoring being permanently implemented.  

This initiative on the Munich-Verona route can be used as a test bed for models and best practices for other freight corridors and the European rail network, and can be applied across the board to other key routes, as proposed by the European Commission (e.g. Fehmarn Belt link).

A new transport study on the entire corridor will be developed during the course of 2022. This study will have to take into account the negative impacts on traffic forecasts deriving from the COVID-19 health emergency and include, among others, an analysis including the evolution of rail and road freight traffic originating from Italian ports and crossing European passes, with particular reference to the Brenner Pass.